The first living creature to orbit the Earth was a stray dog from the Soviet Union called Laika.
She was sent into space in November 1957.
Prof Viktor Yazdovsky played with Laika as a child when his father brought her home from the Soviet space headquarters before her mission.
Witness: The stories of our times told by the people who were there.
See also – Pushinka: A Cold War puppy the Kennedys loved